Sam Benjamin Harris (born April 9, 1967) is an American author, philosopher, neuroscientist, blogger, and podcast host. He is a critic of religion and proponent of the liberty to criticize religion. He is concerned with matters that touch on spirituality, morality, neuroscience, free will and terrorism. He is described as one of the “Four Horsemen of New Atheism“, with Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens and Daniel Dennett.
Harris’s first book The End of Faith (2004) won the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction. In The Moral Landscape (2010), he argues that science answers moral problems and can aid human well-being. He published a long-form essay Lying in 2011, the short book Free Will in 2012, Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion in 2014 and, with British writer Maajid Nawaz, Islam and the Future of Tolerance: A Dialogue in 2015. Harris is a proponent of secular meditation practices.